During the Three Kingdoms period, dumplings became a kind of food called "moon wonton". This kind of food is mentioned in Wei Zhangyi's book Guangya. According to "Guangya" written by Zhang Yi, a Wei native in the Three Kingdoms period, this kind of food called "wonton" looks like a crescent moon, basically similar to the shape of dumplings.
Northern and Southern Dynasties
In the northern and Southern Dynasties, wonton "looked like the moon, and was eaten all over the world.". It is speculated that dumplings are not eaten alone when cooking, but are put in a bowl together with soup, so people call them "wonton". This kind of eating method is still popular in some places in China, such as Henan and Shaanxi, where people will pack coriander, onion, shrimp and leek in the soup
The Tang Dynasty
Around the Tang Dynasty, dumplings have become almost the same as today's dumplings, which are put on plates to eat. Also known as "moon shaped wonton".
In Song Dynasty, "jiao'er" was called "jiao'er", which is the etymology of the word "jiao'er". The Tokyo Dream Book of song Mengyuan recalled the prosperity of Bianjing in the Northern Song Dynasty. The second volume mentions that there are "crystal horn", "fried horn" and "Hump horn" in the market. According to Volume 6 of the old story of Wulin, the former biography of song Sishui, there are "urban Luo jiao'er" and "all kinds of jiao'er" in Lin'an market. This kind of writing is still visible in the later period of yuan, Ming, Qing and the Republic of China. In the Southern Song Dynasty, it was called "double belly meat".
Dumplings were introduced into Mongolia in the Song Dynasty. Dumplings are introduced to Mongolia, where they sound like "tablet food.". With the conquest of the Mongol Empire, flatfood spread all over the world. There are many varieties of Russian dumplings, Kazakstan dumplings and Korean dumplings.
The Ming Dynasty
According to the literature, the custom of eating dumplings in Spring Festival appeared in the late Ming Dynasty. According to the records of drinking, the court of Ming Dynasty is "the fifth watch of the first month......" Drink Baijiao wine and snacks (dumplings). Or the money in one or two places, so that people in the year auspicious, the days also worship each other, the name is also called happy new year.
"Zhi" is a full and reliable work. The book recounts in detail the deeds of the court from the Wanli period to the Chongzhen period of the Ming Dynasty. He recorded the daily life of the emperor, his wives and servants, the rules of the court, the duties of court officials, food, clothes, and so on. He heard and saw them in the palace for many years. It is impossible to see such a detailed record in official history. Wan Li Ye Huo written by Shen Defu of Ming Dynasty is famous for describing the story and political life of the court before Wan Li, but there is little systematic and comprehensive discussion.
According to the records in customs and habits, our folk researchers can make more sense. Some customs records in the book can also correct some mistakes in later generations, such as the custom of eating dumplings on the first day, the first month of the lunar calendar from Beijing to Wanli in the Ming Dynasty. In addition, the book also introduces the library Keshu license inspection factory, because the author lists the catalogue of the version of Nei Bible, which can make people see clearly Its origin.
In the Qing Dynasty, before 23 o'clock in the house of Representatives (now), when one eats dumplings in the middle of the night, it is in the first month of the lunar calendar. Eating dumplings means "old hand", which means "children", "house", "payment" and "dumpling", which means "happy reunion" and "luck". "On New Year's day, rich food is separated, such as flat food and dumplings," according to the history of the Qing Dynasty He said: "every year, whether rich or poor, whether rich or poor, we have to make dumplings to eat. The family's wealth conceals a small gram of gold and silver treasures. To be successful, the whole family will eat one person for the whole year. " This means that people eat dumplings in the new year, which means auspicious, farewell to the old to welcome the new year. In the Qing Dynasty octagonal banknotes compiled by Xu Ke, there is such a saying: "there is stuffing in them, or" powder horn "- steamed food and fried food can be, and dumplings are dumplings cooked with water." "On the first day of the first month, the fifth day of the first month is taken as the break five, so there is an old custom of dumpling five days."
The above is a detailed introduction to the differences of dumplings in different periods in Jinan dumpling meat distribution. To learn more, please click